Stained glass domes a new approach in the Persian architecture

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Stained glass domes

Stained glass domes are decorative archs made from a specific type of glass which is called stained glass and are a modern trend in decorating glass ceilings. These new structures are particularly interesting for those architectures who are following modern and non-repetitive designs. These domes are particularly used for decoration in many different areas, such as: homes, offices and the different parts of many cities. Glass domes bring an entirely different world of lights to inner sections using the natural light and its reflection through many different bright colors. Even without the natural light, these structures can use lights coming from lamps and combine them with different colors to construct a calm, fresh and alive atmosphere inside any rooms. Special designs and shapes are also another feature of these domes which can provide a pleasant atmosphere. The flexibility in their design and the fact that they can be made either convex or concave in accordance to the interior design of any rooms, has made them a unique choice. In this regards, Kajeh company is delighted to take a huge step toward the development of contemporary architecture of Iran by producing decorative stained glasses, either in form of domes and ceilings or in form of any other type of decorative glassing products.

By using colorful glasses, one can transfer any interior to a unique and different space by using the artistic combination of light and colors and arouse a sprite of tranquility which is important. This particular feature of glasses is not comparable to any other materials. Stained glasses, and particularly stained glass domes, attract architectures and creative decorative  and could establish a new approach to the architecture

Colorful glasses which these days are mostly used in the form of dropped ceilings and partitions, are first used in Europe for decoration and narration of Bible stories, mostly in religious buildings such as mosques and churches. In the 19th century the trend changed as they mostly have been used in normal spaces such as private buildings, hotels and big malls. Architectures such as Philip Johnson, Oscar Niemeyer, Anthony Gaudi have used these type of glasses in some of their symbolic designs.

Stained glass dome - pasdaran project
Stained glass dome – pasdaran project

How is the stained glass dome built?

Decorative stained glass domes and ceilings are produced with a technique called glass mosaic or stein glass in Kajeh company. By applying this method, which is mostly based on the principles of geometric design of structures  and proportion of the rise, the length and diameter of the circle which forms part of the hemisphere, will be designed and built. Bending volumes, and half bending volumes with different degrees, broken and flats are different types of volumes that cover these glasses and are designed with beautiful details both in their inner and outer sides.

For the very first time, this type of glassing technique has been used in European churches during the 11th century. Later on, during the 19th century, Louis comfort Tiffany improved this technique and eventually introduced a new technique called Tiffany to the Art Nouveau. The luxury look along with extraordinary ability of this trend provides variety of colorful forms of glasses  so unique that this technique could make a huge development in the industry and art of interior design. This technique and imprinted glasses are used not only in domes, where are the best places for demonstrating art, but also in entrance doors, windows, wall and ceilings, partitions and in many other parts in flat forms. There is no limit in places where these glasses can be used.

 This kind of stained glass lightning in Europe used to be simple and in some cases were used as colorful and imprinted glasses in buildings, but they have experienced a significant improvement gradually and have transformed to different forms as are used today, such as spherical, elliptical and in some cases polygons. They have a wide variety of designs and colors which could provide a new way for the modern art industry.

How did the production of stained glass domes get started?

Producing the very first glass dome in Kajeh company, was an initial concern for architectures who had been actively working in different fields of modern decoration. The initial idea of producing and making glass ceilings in the form of semi-circles, provided the opportunity for architectures of Kajeh to start producing these types of structures. Now a days, with many years of experience as well as various models of domes all around the country, Kajeh company is known as the very first expert group who is actively producing the aforementioned structures. Usage of these type of glasses has been mostly popular in interior design with the aim of providing decorative lightening in interior spaces. Precise determination of the installing location as well as the location’s design of these glassy structures in different spaces will be performed by the team of expert architectures who are working in Kajeh.

Considering the fact that this art-industry is not well known in architectural decoration, but it captures the attention of those designers in this field who are after luxury elements in their designs. This part of artistic/industrial products have managed to overcome a considerable part of the architectures’ needs in different fields and could open the door to the modern decoration industry, which used to be simple and colorless before. Avoiding the usage of normal glasses, which are present in our spaces for many years now, has made it possible to make a huge step forward in the construction industry so that we no longer encounter with transparent sheet of glasses and instead enjoy the beauty with same applications.

Stained glass domes which are installed on steel structures, are build with precise principles of structural engineering and crafted by expert craftsmen and blacksmiths. Iron is the most durable material to be mounted on building along with glasses. Constructing a metal frame with precise drawings, is the introduction of the entire project. The latter is due to the fact that it is the base of structure and further steps are highly dependent on this phase.

Design of Stein glass domes

The most important factors in design of stained glass domes are customer’s tact and the general interior design of the place where dome will be installed. These two factors will be highly considered for design of each dome. Patterns will be chosen according to the design of interior spaces and some technical aspects, such as glass materials, forms and auxiliary lines will be considered carefully.

The most important feature of the stained glass dome is the presence of wide range of varieties in glasses. Using different kinds of glasses, from transparent ones to colored glasses, in design of these domes can have their own specific psychological effects, so that they have to be chosen in such a way to fit as an entire design and become visually appealing for the audience. The color variety of these glasses is usually due to mineral oxides and the most used material in glasses called silica, with 75% of SiO2 and Na2O sodium (obtained from sodium salt) and lime (CaO) and other few minerals. Colored glassed are also result from different combinations of mineral oxides along with the base material of the glasses and during some steps, sheets of transparent colored glasses are produced through the rolling operation on the melt. As light passes through different colored layers of these glasses, the beautiful and unique transparent color of these glasses will be reflected in the interior space. These patterns will be seen not only at the height of the building, but also will be role on the surface of the interior space and will be seen as a colorful appealing carpet. This trend is unique and no other materials can provide such an effect in the interior spaces.


Using colorful glasses in Stein glass domes

These colored glasses are mostly nostalgic for most of the people all around the world, as they remind the ancient history of architectural art in memories: whether painted or colored in christian churches of Christianity period of history or in the Gothic churches, which actually encompass the peak period of the glass industry in Europe. On the other hand, along with history of Iranian architecture, we can witness the sash type of doors and windows which exclusively belong the Iranian art from Safavid to Pahlavi period (between 8th to 11th centuries AD). The most ancient sash doors and windows, belong to Safavid period which can be noticed in buildings of that period all around the country. Sash is in fact the art of cutting wood and filling it with colored glasses. This archetypal art, which mostly occurs during Qajar era, gets more popular and has been transformed into stained glasses art in contemporary Iranian architecture. It is wildly used and can be found in most of the modern luxury building these days.

Kajeh company, as the first manufacturer of stained glass domes and by employing all the needed  knowledge and tools so that in different parts of Iran and in various locations, it has built different samples of stained glass domes, doors, windows, voloumetric glazing, isolated chimneys and green houses.

This expert company, is delighted to invite artists and architectures to take a new step in designing by participating in different projects in residential, administrative and urban areas.

We will represent an overview of a sample of various projects that have been carried out by Kajeh company during the recent years.

The glass dome of Dolphin hotel in Chabahar, as represented in the figure below, has been installed on top of the swimming pool which provides a beautiful view by reflecting light through water. The variety of used design and colors has provided a refreshed environment which is in great harmony with the entire interior design of this particular space.

Stained glass dome - hotel dolfin project
Stained glass dome – hotel dolfin project

Hashtgerd elliptical dome with the diameter of 2 to 4 meter and with height of 1.2 meter has been installed in Hashtgerd city. This dome has a simple geometric design which gives it a stylish and special look.

Stained glass dome - hashtgerd project
Stained glass dome – hashtgerd project

Decorative glass dome of Shahrak-e-Gharb with diameter of 3 meters and 1 meter height has a unique design along with a gentle, relaxed color scheme and is of the most unique domes in this catalog.

Stained glass dome - shahrak -e- gharb project
Stained glass dome – shahrak -e- gharb project

In the picture below, Chitgar dome is represented which is one of the most beautiful glass domes of this category, with special design inspired by Gothic architecture which follows a specific and coherence centrality. This design has rich and gradient color scheme. Diameter of this dome is 2.20 meters and its height is 80 cm.

Stained glass dome - chitgar project
Stained glass dome – chitgar project

A couple of glass domes has been constructed in Jaberi mosque in Bandar Abbas, which is a great sample of religious domes in great harmony with spirituality of space and mystical coloring. These domes have the diameter of 3.53 meters and height of 1.16 meters.

Stained glass dome - Jaberi mosque in Bandar Abbas
Stained glass dome – Jaberi mosque in Bandar Abbas

Valiasr dome is the first elliptical glass dome in Iran and is one the most distinctive voloumetric cielings with a very classic design and mild choices of colors. Many of architectures find this dome particularly attractive.

Stained glass dome - valiasr project
Stained glass domes

The eye-catching dome in the city of Yazd with blue and white colors is a peaceful structure that resembles the classical elements of European architecture. The color reflection of this structure can be seen in both height and bottom of the building’s interior parts.

Stained glass dome - yazd project
Stained glass domes

Birjand glass dome with geometric design, classic patterns of flowers, crescent lines and lacquered glasses provides a beautiful collection of diamond-shaped shades on different parts of the interior space, particularly in the heights.

Stained glass dome - birjand project
Stained glass domes

Orumieh glass dome with colored glass has the most unique color among other domes. Patterns of blue blooms along with flowers and leaves on one hand, and on the other hand perfect choices of warm colors, particularly dark colors in the background, has made this dome particularly beautiful.

Stained glass dome - Orumieh project
Stained glass dome – Orumieh project

The Resalat bank dome has been installed in an administrative space that is designed with warm colors on a white background. This project is represented in the picture below.

Stained glass dome - Resalat bank project
Stained glass dome – Resalat bank project

The solar glass dome of Manzaryeh is a unique design among Kajeh’s collection in terms of the colors that are used for its decoration. This dome has been divided to 6 different sections, each of which has their own beautiful patterns and colors.

Stained glass dome - Manzaryeh project
Stained glass dome – Manzaryeh project

In Narenjestan project, a square frame with circular center, where the spherical dome is mounted on it, has been used as the base of this project. Placing lattices around the circular center is mainly for changing the square to circles so that all follow the same geometric pattern.

Stained glass dome - Narenjestan project
Stained glass dome – Narenjestan project

Just like a colorful turquoise, Zaferanieh dome has been designed with a variety of beautiful and meaningful patterns and colors.

Stained glass dome - Zaferanieh project
Stained glass dome – Zaferanieh project

In glass dome of Toseue Saderat bank is mainly designed by sandblasting glass, that interacts with other lines of smoked glass.

Stained glass dome - Toseue Saderat bank project
Stained glass dome – Toseue Saderat bank project

The stained glass dome of Ferdos garden is a combination of classical inspired patterns and minimal usage of colors that along with turquoise smokey glasses add to the beauty of the entire structure.

Stained glass dome - Ferdos garden project
Stained glass dome – Ferdos garden project

The Niavaran project is designed with patters and rows of flowers around the center of the dome with beautiful colors of yellow, orange and unique patterns of flowers. This structure has diameter of 3 meters and height of 1 meter wich has been installed in a residential house.

Stained glass dome - Niavaran project
Stained glass dome – Niavaran project

This project is particularly interesting and unique, as it is installed on third flour of a residential building in a region between Hemat highway and Chitgar lake. Unique features are used in design of this dome which has brought a beautiful view to the ceiling of this building.

This structure is basically a rectangle frame with length of 3 meters , width of 2.70 meter and height of 1.40 meter. The dome has height of 1.50 meter and is made up of two layers of glass. The metal structure of this dome has been designed professionally along with a two layer dome. This structure has style of the most modern European domes. The longitudinal and transverse axis are divided into smaller sections, each of which is holding beautiful glasses and consist individual frames. This glassy structure is installed in a way that there would be enough space for existing the building. This structure is In fact mounted on the end of a series of stairs along with an exit door.

Stained glass dome - chitgar project
Stained glass dome – chitgar project

The most important and distinctive feature of this project is the main inspiration from traditional designs, colors and beautiful sash windows of Dolat Abad garden in Yazd. This Dolat Abad garden, is one of the biggest gardens in Iran which is 260 years old, belonging to Zandieh  and it is believed to be the residence of Karim Khan Zand.

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